The history of our Denominazione d’Origine Protetta Gravina (Denomination of Protected Origin) is intimately connected with a unique corner of the earth appropriately known, by those who visit us, as “The Other Puglia.”
In describing this Region, most people obviously speak about its coasts, the Adriatic and Ionian seas, the sun, and its wines, powerful yet by the same token, a tad rough-edged. But our area, our own Puglia, is something quite different, and in some ways unexpected.
The area is marked by distinctive, gently rolling hills called murge--a expressive word meaning “rock”--; a cool, temperate climate; a mineral-rich subsoil; natural karst springs; woods, meadows, and pastureland, all of which make it a small paradise. Human settlements here stretch back into pre-history, and the inhabitants were cultivating the grapevine over 1,200 years ago. Emperor Frederick II of Swabia established, in 1200, his hunting preserve in the Murge, calling it a “Garden of Delights,” and contributed as well to the further development of the local viticulture. The wines produced here were famous in the surrounding territories for their quality, and for their freshness and fragrance, characteristics rather uncommon in Italy’s southern regions.
The local wines were widely traded even in antiquity, and were much prized by travellers, who left tributes to them in their writings, which are today preserved in the local Museo Fondazione "Ettore Pomarici Santomasi".
The Soil & Microclimate
The characteristics of the local climate give the Gravina hills an ideal suitability for the cultivation of the Vitis vinfera.
This distinctive climate, combined with rather low-fertility limestone-derived soils, gives the grapevine an ideal balance for the production of fi ne-quality wines.
This climate is quite benefi cial to the vine’s growth cycle, but that growth is hampered by the limestone soils, which drain away the rainwater and force the vine to search for nutrients deep below the surface, thus absorbing the residual water, along with the mineral salts present in the underlying tuff.
The result of this complex of conditions are wines that display extreme elegance and breed, wines that are sapid and mineral-edged, profoundly different from the rest of Puglia’s wines, which are for the most part powerful, concentrated wines, but a tad countryish.
The average elevation of the vineyards (400-600 metres) and the signifi cant day-night temperature differentials are the concluding factors, ensuring to the wines a forthright and tasty acidity, which makes them suitable for lengthy cellaring.
Our area produces the finest durum wheat in all of Italy, prized across the globe for the production of pasta, bread, and baked goods.
Cheese-making is very widespread, primarily ricotta, mozzarella, and semi-aged cheeses such as pecorino and Slow Food Presidio Pallone di Gravina.
Traditional to our area as well are high-quality meats from animals raised in accord with bio-sustainable standards, such as
Finally, the truly iconic product of our gastronomic tradition is His Majesty, the extraordinary Cardoncello mushroom (Pleurotus Eryingii), which grows wild on our hills; its fleshy yet delicate meat makes it the main ingredient in the tastiest traditional dishes.
The word gravina comes from the Latin grava or from the messapic graba, with the meaning of rock, shaft and erosion of bank river. Other words that share the same root are grava, gravaglione and gravinelle. Instead, when the emperor Frederick II went to Gravina, because of the large extension of the lands and for the presence of wheat, decided to give to it the motto Grana dat et vina., or rather It offers wheat and wine.
Density per Kmq: 114,8
Area: 381,30 Kmq
Is a comune in the province of Bari and region of Apulia, southern Italy. The main settlement, also called Poggiorsini, is a village lying about 85 kilometres (53 mi) from Bari, lying between the towns of Spinazzola and Gravina.
Density per Kmq: 32,5
Area: 43,12 Kmq
Is a city and comune of Apulia, in southern Italy. It is located on one of a hill of the Murge plateau in the province of Bari, 45 kilometres (28 miles) South-West of Bari, close to the border with Basilicata. As of 2011 its population was of 70,288.
The city is known for its particular quality of bread called Pane di Altamura, which is sold in numerous other Italian cities. According to the Latin poet Horace: "...for water is sold here, though the worst in the world; but their bread is exceeding fine, inasmuch that the weary traveler is used to carry it willingly on his shoulders
Density per Kmq: 163,4
Area: 427,75 Kmq
Is a town and comune in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani, Apulia, Italy.
Density per Kmq: 36,7
Area: 182,64 Kmq